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Lesson 2 - tupmichista

Basic phrases, Gender introduction

This lesson will introduce the speaker to several useful basic phrases, such as 'hello', 'please', 'goodbye', etc. In Eurasian, these phrases may often vary depending on the gender of the speaker, so he will also be introduced to the language's gender system.

Gender

Eurasian has three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. A grammatical gender is a class or category that nouns are divided into. The gender of a sentence's or a verb's subject triggers agreement on the verb in the form of a suffix that varies for each gender. Verbs and their suffixes will be introduced in Lesson 4. Because many daily or useful phrases include verbs whose subjects may either be male or female, many of the phrases that will be introduced will vary depending on the gender of the person who says it, and some vary depending on the gender of the person who it is said to.

Useful everyday phrases

The following phrases vary depending on the gender of the speaker.
Masculine form Feminine form Meaning
kantiyadamo kantetyadamo Hello (formal, lit. "I greet")
kanti kantes Hello (informal/short, lit. "I greet")
sanukantiyadamo sanukantetyadamo Hello (honorific, lit. "I greet with reverence")
odaptiyadamo odaptetyadamo Thank you (general, formal, lit. "I'm in debt to you")
odapti odaptes Thank you (short, informal)
otasidaptiyadamo otasidaptetyadamo Thank you very much (formal)
otasidapti otasidaptes Thank you very much (short, informal)

The following phrases vary depending on the gender of the person it is said to.

nidzhanung maddei medzhanung maddei How are you? (general, formal, lit. "Is your health good?")
nidzhani maddo medzhani maddo How are you? (short, formal)
sodzhanos madizidei sidzhanos madizidei How are you? (honorific, formal)

Formality and honorifics

In Eurasian, things like the formality of the situation or location in which one speaks can affect verb forms and the way one speaks in general. Additionally, these may also be affected depending on the status of the listener relative to that of the speaker.

Using the formal forms of verbs, and thus the formal forms of the phrases listed above, is done in formal situations, such as meeting somebody for the first time, speaking to an audience, etc. or at formal locations, such as an office, a school, etc.

The honorific forms of verbs should be employed when speaking to a person of a higher status than you. It should always be done, unless that person instructs you to do otherwise.


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